D.W.I.

Fees


The following fee schedule is in effect for all work performed by James G. Beatty, Jr. in the area of D.W.I. No services will be rendered prior to the payment of the appropriate fees. Discovery and Video Review A complete analysis of all discovery and an examination of the video tape (if available) to include: the preparation of the breath test instrument, the administration of the breath tests, and the evaluation of any psychophysical tests. $400.00 Data download review is an additional $200.00


Court AppearanceCourt dates WILL NOT be honored without prior confirmation and payment received by this office. Payments by check must be made at least five working days before the scheduled court date. Only certified checks, money orders or cash will be accepted on the day of trial. This fee is for appearing at the time and date scheduled. In the event that additional court appearances are necessary, this office reserves the right to assess additional fees, payable prior to the next scheduled court date. If an "On-Call" status is required an appropriate fee must be assessed. Court dates scheduled with this office that are canceled within 48 hours of the scheduled court date will be assessed a cancellation fee. All………….................................................................................................…...........……...…$900.00 Blood CasesThe N.J.S.P. now holds blood for ninety days. Each lab will accept faxes or requests via U.S. Mail to preserve the second vial of blood. An order is necessary to obtain the second vial. Upon receipt of the order arrangements will be made with the submitting agency to turn over the vial for transportation to Lab Corp. for ethanol testing. Fee includes transportation of sample, chain of custody, time and travel………………….$500.00 Analysis included    

James G. Beatty, Jr.

Curriculum Vitae

Presently conducting business as a licensed private detective agency operating as J.G.B. Detective Agency at 114 Maple Avenue, Keansburg N.J. The J.G.B. Detective Agency is a full service agency handling both civil and criminal matters for law firms throughout the State of New Jersey and specializing in Alcohol Related Traffic Offenses. As a consultant in these Alcohol Related Traffic Offenses I have reviewed over 1000 videotapes of suspected alcohol affected subjects. I have testified as an expert on both the Breathalyzer and Psychophysical Testing in municipal courts in Burlington, Ocean, Mercer, Monmouth, Middlesex, Morris, Essex and Union Counties. My reports have been made a part of the record in over one hundred other cases.

 WORK EXPERIENCE
Member of the Keansburg New Jersey Police Department from November 1971 until June 1983. I retired on disability due to injuries sustained in the line of duty.

I have conducted investigations in all areas including motor vehicle accidents, drunk driving, narcotics and homicides. Received two commendations for EXCELLENT POLICE DUTY and several other letters of recommendation from citizens and other civic and police organizations. I have made over 300 arrests for D.W.I. and conducted over 500 Breathalyzer Examinations.

 Promoted to Sergeant January 1, 1978
As a patrol sergeant I supervised the shift, inspected posts, made duty assignments, including traffic enforcement and reviewed reports of accident investigations and drunk driving arrests.
While the officer in charge of the Detective, Juvenile and Records Division I conducted and supervised all criminal investigations, assigned tasks, reviewed all reports and generated the monthly Uniform Crime Report.
I was the firearm-training officer and conducted all in service firearms training.

Promoted to Lieutenant April 2, 1982
As the Lieutenant in charge of the Patrol Division, I made personnel assignments, oversaw the scheduling of in service training, reviewed all arrests and investigation reports and formulated plans for addressing specific needs in the daily operation of the patrol division, including drinking driving enforcement.                                             

Education
Graduated St. Ann Grammar School, June 1962
Graduated Middletown Township High School, June 1966
Attended Union Junior College, 1966-1967
Attended Northwestern State University, 1968-1969
Associate of Science Degree in Criminal Justice from Brookdale Community College, June 27, 1983

Technical and Professional Training
I graduated from Monmouth County Police Academy with courses in Arson, Assault, Accident Investigation, Burglary, Criminal Investigation, Crime Scene Investigation, Drunk Driving, Narcotics Investigations, Sex Crimes, Report Writing, Traffic and Criminal Laws, Search and Seizure.
March 1, 1974 completed the 40 hr course on the Theory, Use and Operation of the Breathalyzer conducted by the New Jersey State Police.                                                                                                                                                 
September 13, 1974 I completed the 40 hours course in Basic Drug Enforcement at the N.J.S.P. Academy, Sea Girt, New Jersey.
June 4, 1975 I completed the 40-hour course in Advanced Drug Enforcement at the N.J.S.P. Academy, Sea Girt, New Jersey.
October 17, 1975 completed the 40-hour course in Criminal Investigation at the N.J.S.P. Academy, Sea Girt, New Jersey.
March 28, 1978 I completed the 80-hour course in Police Supervision at the N.J.S.P. Academy, Sea Girt, New Jersey.
June 8, 1977. I attended an 8-hour seminar conducted by the New Jersey State Identification Officers Association at Middlesex County Community College on Photographing and Police Identification.

December 31, 1979 completed the course on the new 2: C Criminal Code
1975-1983 I attended Tri-Yearly seminars on the Advanced Techniques in Narcotic Law Enforcement conducted by the New Jersey Narcotic Enforcement Officers Association, including the identification of dangerous drugs, drug enforcement, narcotic laws and identification of symptoms of abuse.
1975-1983 attended yearly 5-day Conferences on Narcotic Law Enforcement conducted by the New Jersey Narcotic Enforcement Officers Association.
Past Member of the Board of Directors of the New Jersey Narcotic Enforcement Officers Association
I am a Past Recording Secretary, New Jersey Narcotic Enforcement Officers Association.  
In November of 1991, was instructed in and educated by Dr. James W. Langenbucher of Rutgers University, Institute of Alcohol Studies and Dr. John Brick on the Field Sobriety Testing of "Suspected Alcohol Affected Subjects" and "The Psychophysical Testing of Suspected Subjects."  Dr. Langenbucher is the co-author of Psychology, Public Policy and Evidence for Intoxication.
In May 1994, completed the course "Tests for Blood Alcohol Concentration in Traffic Safety, Supervision and Expert Testimony” conducted by Dr. Robert Borkenstein, Professor Emeritus of Indiana University, The Center for Studies of Laws in Action.
The course instruction and instructors included but was not limited to:

Theory and Practice of Breath Alcohol Analysis, Scientific Foundations, Physico-Chemical Aspects and Current Technical Application Issues: Workplace Testing and Retrograde Extrapolation.
Dr. Kurt Dubowski, Distinguished Professor of Medicine, Oklahoma University

Pharmacology of Alcohol, Widmark's Theory, Absorption and Diffusion Rates of Alcohol in the Body:
Dr. Robert Forney Distinguished Professor Emeritus, Indiana University

Vision and the Driving Task -Effects of Alcohol: HGN- A Critical Appraisal-Roadside Testing. 
Dr. Merrill J. Allen, Professor Emeritus of Optometry, Indiana School of Optometry

Forensic Alcohol Analysis.
Dr. A.W. Jones, National Laboratory of Forensic Chemistry, Sweden

Standardized Field Sobriety Testing, Breath Sampling, Alcohol Detection and Measurement, Theories of Henry's Law, Charles’ Law and Beer Lambert Law. Infrared and Gas Chromatography.

Lowell C. Van Berkom, Director of Forensic Science Laboratory/Minnesota Department of Public Safety, Alcohol Testing Committee of the Canadian Society of Forensic Sciences.

In December 1994, completed the National Highway Traffic Safety Administrations approved Sobriety Testing and Training Course in "Standardized Field Sobriety Testing," Atlanta, Georgia.


In May 1996, I attended the 3rd annual conference on "Mastering Scientific Evidence in DUI/DWI Cases" New Orleans, Louisiana.
Course Speakers and area of instruction included but was not limited to

NHTSA Standardized Field Sobriety Testing.
Rick Swope

Calculating Blood Alcohol Levels, (Widmark’s r factor)
Ed Kuwatch

Retrograde Extrapolation, Infra Red Testing Devices (Intoxilyzer 5000)
 Dr. Richard Jensen

Expert Testimony, Federal Court Rules, Basis for Excluding Scientific Evidence
Professor Edward J. Imwinkeiried

D.R.E. Testing, Drug Concentrations and Driving Impairment.
Judge Roderick Kennedy

In February 1998 attended the three day seminar"Getting Tough on D.W.I.", The Defense, sponsored by the Minnesota Society of Criminal Justice in New Orleans, La.
Course speakers and areas of instruction included but were not limited to:

Differentiation of Visibility and Alcohol as Contributing Factors to Twilight Road Fatalities. A discussion of the Visual and Human Factors Involved.
Dr. Bernard Abrames

Standardized Field Sobriety Testing. 
Judge Roderick Kennedy

Infrared and Fuel Cell Technology. 
Mary Mc Murray

In May 1998 attended the 5th Annual Three-day seminar "Mastering Scientific Evidence" in Miami Fla.
The course speakers and areas of instruction included but were not limited to:

The Intoxilyzer 5000.
Dr. Richard Jensen

Understanding How Infra Red and Fuel Cell Breath Analyzers Work; the Basics about Evidential and Non-Evidential Breath Testing. Hands on demonstration of the National Draeger 7110.

Mary Mc Murray

New Developments on Roadside Tests, DRE's. S.F.S.T. and "Home-Cooked" field-testing by Untrained Officers.
Robert La Pier

Chemical Evidence. 
Lawrence Taylor, Esq.

Significant New Case Law on Breath and Blood Testing.
 Flem K. Whited, III

In May 1999 I attended the 6th Annual Seminar “Mastering Scientific Evidence” in Atlanta Ga. The course speakers and area of instruction included but was not limited to:
Blood and Urine Testing in D.W.I. Cases.
 William C. Head, Esq.

Concepts of Chemical Analysis.
 Flem K. Whited, III

Evidential Breath Testing. 
Mary C. Mc Murray
Infra Red and Fuel Cell Technology-The Draeger 7110 & Intoximeter EC/IR

New Developments in Roadside FST Evaluations.
William Head, Esq.
 Bill Taylor
Philip B. Price, Sr. Esq
.

In June 1999 I attended the seminar titled “Trial Tactics, Case Law & New Breath Testing Devices” in Saratoga Springs New York.
The course speakers and area of instruction included but was not limited to:

Pharmokenitics and Pharmodynamics of Alcohol. 
 Dr. Francis Gengo, University of Buffalo

Basics of Evidential and Non-Evidential Breath Testing.  7110.
Mary C. Mc Murray

June 15-19, 2000 completed the N.H.T.S.A. Instructors course on the Standardized Field Sobriety Testing, Nashville Tenn.

Instructors Bill Taylor and Robert La Pier.

April 5-7, 2001 attended the 8th annual seminar on “Mastering Scientific Evidence” in Atlanta Ga. The course speakers and areas of instruction included but were not limited to:
Significant New Cases Involving Science in DUI/DWI Defense.
William Head, Esq.

NHTSA in 2001: SFST & DRE Update for the New Millennium.
William M. Taylor and William Head, Esq.

HGN: New Perspectives from a Doctors Point of View.
 Dr. Joseph Citron, M.D., J.D.

Special Scientific and Evidentiary Issues in Death and Serious Injury Cases.
Stephen M. Komie, J.D.


Breath Testing, Infra Red Technology.
 Mary C. McMurray, B.S. and Christopher N. Hoover, Esq.

Blood and Urine Test Cases. 
Dr. Alfred Staubus, Pharm.D. PhD. and William Head, Esq.

April 11-13, 2002 attended the 9th annual seminar on "Mastering Scientific Evidence" in Atlanta Ga. Co-Sponsored by the National College for DUI Defense at Harvard.
Speakers included but were not limited to:
The Latest Developments in Scientific Research on Blood and Breath Testing.
Dr. A.W. Jones, Linkoping Sweden


Death and Serious Injury Cases.
James Farragher Campbell, Esq.
San Francisco, Ca

Trial Preparation.
David M. Mannila, Esq.
Worchester, Pa.

Scientific Evidence.
R. Michael Young, Laramie, WY.

SFST. 
William C. Head, Esq., Atlanta, Ga. And Timothy D. Huey, Columbus, Ohio.

April 19, 2002 attended the New Jersey Association of Forensic Scientist Spring Seminar in Atlantic City, NJ. The Alco Test 7110 MKIII


April 22 to April 29, 2004 Attended the 11th annual seminar on “Mastering Scientific Evidence” in Atlanta Ga.
The course speakers and areas of instruction included but were not limited to:

EC/IR Technology.
Mary Mc Murray and Anne ImObersteg, JD, MBA, M.Sc.

Significant Scientific Articles on Alcohol Testing and Physiology.
Dr. W.A. Jones, Linkoping, Sweden

Scientific Articles, Breath and Blood Tests.
 Dr, Steve Rubenzer
 
Preliminary Breath Testers: How Do They Work & Where Can They Be Accurate.

Mary C. Mc Murray

DRE’s: How Much Is “Science” Compared to How Much is “Guesswork?”
Judge Roderick Kennedy, New Mexico Court of Appeals

Chemical Test Breakout Training; 7110.
 Dr. A.W. Jones and Anne ImObersteg, JD, MBA, M.Sc.

August 20, 2004 Attended the National Draeger Seminar on the Alco Test 7110 MKIII and 7410 in San Francisco, California
Hansueli Ryser, President National Draeger, Mary Mc Murray, Anne ImObersteg, JD. MBA, M.Sc.

 February 5, 2005 Attended the New Jersey Institute for Continuing Legal Education “DWI in the 21st Century: New Breath Test, New Statutes, New Rules.
Speakers included;
Dr. Richard Saferstein, Ph.D.., Sgt. Kevin Flanagan, N.J.S.P., Gladys Rodriguez, Esq. Deputy First Assistant Prosecutor, (Camden County)

April 28-30, 2005 Attended the 12th annual “Mastering Scientific Evidence” in DWI/DUI Cases, Dallas Texas.
Course speakers and areas of instruction included but were not limited to:

 Ins and Outs of Hospital Blood Testing Enzymatic Immunoassay.
Dr. Joseph Cintron, M.D., J.D.

The Ins and Outs of Forensic Blood Alcohol Analysis Using Gas Chromatography

. Patrick Demers, B.S., M.S.

Pharmacology.
 Dr. Francis M. Gengo, Pharm.D. FCP. Associate Professor of Neurology     and Pharmacy, University of Buffalo, Director Neuropharmacology, Dent Neurologic Institute, Buffalo, N.Y.

 The Alcohol Breath Test.
Michael P. Hlastala, Ph.D. Department of Physiology and Biophysics and of Medicine, Division of Pulmonary and Critical Care Medicine, University of Washington

Statistical Issues in Forensic Testing: The Truth Behind the Numbers.
 Steve J. Rubenzer, Ph.D. ABPP
 
Electrical and Electronic Issues in Breath Alcohol Testing: The Shocking Realities.

John Churchill, Birkenhead, Australia

 The Draeger 7110.
George Flowers, Esq.
Huntsville Al.

September 29 –October 1, 2005
National Association of Criminal Defense Attorneys 9th Annual DUI Seminar, Las Vegas, Nevada
DWI Means Defend With Ingenuity

Course Speakers and areas of instruction included but were not limited to:
The Importance of Peer Review and Publication for Admission of Expert Testimony in DUI Trials.
Professor Alan Wayne Jones, Department of Forensic Toxicology, University Hospital, Linkoping, Sweden.

The Art of Using the State’s Breath Expert as Your Own in a DUI.
Edward L. Fiandach, Esq.

Case Law Update.
 Fleming K. Whited III

 Voir Dire: Facing Expert Witness & Chemical Tests Head On.
 Robert B. Hirschhorn, Esq.

Field Sobriety Test Malpractice: Officers Perform SFST’s Incorrect 98% of the Time.
Troy Walden, PhD.

January 19, 2006 to January 21, 2006 National College of D.U.I. Defense at Harvard Winter Session, Amelia Island, Florida
Course Speakers and areas of instruction included but were not limited to:

Digging Deeper: The role of the Private Investigator.
James Farragher Campbell, San Francisco, California

The Role of a Forensic Pathologist in DWI Cases:
Dr. Robert Greendyke, Rochester, New York

Finders/Keepers: Discovering What You Really Need in a Blood and Breath Case:

Dr. Fran Gengo, Buffalo, New York

March 30, 2006 to April 1, 200613th Annual Mastering Scientific Evidence in D.W.I. /D.U.I. Cases Seminar, Dallas, Texas. Sponsored by the Texas Criminal Defense Lawyers Association and The National College of Drunk Driving Defense.
Course Speakers and Areas of Instruction included but were not limited to:
Theory, Use and Operation of the Alco Test 7110.
Hansueli Ryser, President of National Draeger, U.S.A. Durango, Colorado

Forensic Gait Analysis.
Dr. Clark Miller, New Jersey.

Electrical Issues in Breath Testing.
John Churchill, New Zealand.

Science for Jurors, Making it Understandable.
Ed Fiandach, Buffalo, New York.

 Solutions and Mixtures, Why Some Results May Not Be Reliable.
 Mary McMurray, Wisconsin.

Analogies and Theories: How to Win Ethically, Making the Science Come Alive.

William Bubba Head, Atlanta, Georgia.

Forensic Alcohol Toxicology.
Anne Manly. Deerwood, Minnesota.

 January 18, 2007 to January 20, 2007 2007 Winter Session National College for D.U.I. Defense, Tucson, Arizona.
Course Speakers and Areas of Instruction included but were not limited to:

SFSTs. Tracey Wood

DRE: Entering the Twilight Zone. James Nesci, Esq.

 April 19, 2007 to April 21, 2007
14th Annual “Mastering Scientific Evidence Course” Sponsored by the Texas Criminal Defense Attorneys Association, Dallas, Texas
Course Speakers and Areas of Instruction included but were not limited to:

 FSTs-NHTSA Studies.
Allan M. Trapp, Jr.

Medical Screening in DWI Cases.
Jim Browning M.D.

Overview of Pharmokenitics and Pharmodynamics of Delta 9, THC, Cocaine and Benzodiazepines.
Dr. Francis M. Gengo, Pharm.D. FCP. Associate Professor of Neurology and Pharmacy, University of Buffalo, Director Neuropharmacology, Dent Neurologic Institute, Buffalo, N.Y.

 Bad Blood. From the Vein to the Lab.
James Nesci, Esq.

Ethically Preparing Your Expert for Cross Examination.
Les Hulnick, Esq.

 Source Code Primer. The Inside Scoop on Breath Instruments, Computers and Electronics.
Thomas E. Workman, Jr.

Challenging the Evidential Breath Alcohol Test

. Mary McMurray


October 25-27 NACDL & NCDD 11th Annual DWI means Defend with Ingenuity Seminar
Las Vegas, Nevada
Course Speakers and Areas of Instruction included but were not limited to:

The Top Ten Things You Need To Know About Breath Alcohol Testing
Jan Semenoff, Saskatoon, Canada

Simulation Studies
Jan Semenoff, Saskatoon, Canada

Standardized Field Sobriety Tests
James Nesci, Tucson, AZ.

DRE
James Nesci
Tucson, AZ

 National Draeger 7110 Alco-Test Source Code
John Menzel, JD. Evan LeVow, Esq.
New Jersey

 Workshops
Crossing the Blood Lab Tech
Crossing the Breath Test Operator
Crossing the Officer on FSTs, Intermediate and Advanced

 January 10-11, 2008
Source Code Seminar
Atlanta Ga.
John Menzel, JD,  Evan Le Vow, Esq. Sam Sachs, Esq. Tom Workman, Mary Mac Murray, Dr. Michael Hlastala

 January 24-26, 2008
NCDD Winter Session Honolulu, Hawaii
Course Speakers and Areas of Instruction included but were not limited to:

 Case Update
Flem Whited
Daytona Beach, Fla.

Accessing the Jensen, Price, Simons NCDD Science Library
Phillip B.  Price, Sr., Esq.
Huntsville, Al

Breath Testing 2100:1 conversion factor
Ed Fiandach, Esq.
Rochester, NY

 Round Table Discussions-Various Aspects of Drunk Driving Defense.
John T. Kirk, Esq.
Montgomery, Ala
Leslie F. Hulnick, Esq.
Wichita, KS
Lawrence Taylor, JD.
Long Beach, California
Steve Oberman, Esq.
Nashville, Tenn.

Tips and Techniques That Work
Lawrence Taylor, JD.
Long Beach, CA

Douglas L. Cowan

Kirkland, WA

 James Farragher Campbell, Esq.
San Francisco, CA

J.J. Paul, III
Indianapolis, IN

March 27-29, 200815th Annual Mastering Scientific Evidence in DWI/DUI Cases, sponsored by The TCDLA and the NCDD in Dallas Texas.
Course Speakers and Areas of Instruction included but were not limited to:

Common Drug Metabolism Issues and Top 10 Gems in Medical Records for Alcohol and Drug Issues.
Wanda Marley

Scram Update: The Law.
Patrick Barone, Esq.
 
Source Code Update: The Science
Tom Workman

Combating the Drug Recognition Program
Doug Murphy

Cross Examination of the State’s Expert-An Inside View
Barry Simons, Esq.
Ron Moore, Esq.

Common Interfering Substances in Breath Testing
Jan Semenoff

SCRAM: The Science
Dr. Michael Hlastala

The Draeger 7110
John Menzel, JD. Evan Levow, Esq.

September 18-20 200812th Annual NACDL and NCDD Seminar on DWI, Las Vegas Nevada
Course Speakers and Areas of Instruction included but were not limited to:

Chemical Test Discovery-Getting a Complete Scouting Report
Troy Mc Kinney, Huston, Texas

 FSTs-Running through the Drills
Gus Mc Donald, Cornelia, Georgia

Advanced FSTs-For Whom are They Designed
Mimi Coffey, Fort Worth, Texas

Voir Dire of the Expert
Dr. Sun Wolf, Santa Clara University, Santa Clara, California

 Blood Lab Secrets
Dr. Robert Forrest, Sheffield, United Kingdom
Jess Paul, Indianapolis, Indiana

Workshops
Challenging Drug Recognition Experts
Cross Examination of the Breath Tech
Spectroscopy
 
December15-16, 2008 Completed the National Draeger Safety Diagnostics Operator Training Course for the 7110 Alco-Test MCIII version 3.11, analytical system, components and peripherals, as well as how to operate the instrument and perform a New Jersey Specific breath test sequence. Also reassembled a 7110 unit.
Instructor Hansueli Ryser, Draeger, North America

 April 16-18, 200916th Annual Mastering Scientific Evidence in DWI/DUI Cases, sponsored by The TCDLA and the NCDD in New Orleans Louisiana
Course Speakers and Areas of Instruction included but were not limited to:

SFST Science
Dr. Lance Platt, PhD.

Source Code Primer
Source Code in machines used to test human breath for alcohol
Thomas E Workman, Jr.

Gerd: How it can cause false results.
Donald Gray Drewry

 Breath Alcohol Testing and Data Downloads.
Mary Catherine McMurray

Forensic Alcohol Analysis- Gas Chromatography
Alfred E. Staubus, PharmD, PhD.

Enzymatic Tests and Their Importance to the Case
Joseph Cintron, M.D., J.D.

The Draeger Alco Test 7110 MKIIIC
John Menzel, J.D. Evan Levow, Esq.

 October 8-10, 200913th Annual  NACDL DWI Defend With Ingenuity Seminar, Las Vegas, Nevada
Course Speakers and Areas of Instruction included but were not limited to:

Dr. Paul Homoly,
Homoly Communication Institute Charlotte, N.C.

 Critical Issues in Breath Testing
Jan Semenoff, Saskatoon, SK, Canada

The Art of Obfuscation: Cross-Examination of the Arresting Officer
James Nesci, Esq. Tucson, AZ.

The State’s Blood Lab
Ronald L. Moore, Esq. Laguna Beach, California

Defending the Armed Service Member
Col. Jane L. Siegel, Ret, U.S.M.C. Judge Advocates Office.

Persuading the Trier of Fact from Beginning to End
Sherry Boston, Atlanta GA.

Workshops in: Medical/ Forensic Issues, FST Cross Examination, Cross of the Lay Witness

April 8-10, 201017th Annual Mastering Scientific Evidence Seminar sponsored by the TCDLA and the NCDD, New Orleans, La.
Course speakers and areas of instruction included but was not limited to:

Challenging an Evidential Breath-Alcohol Test
Mary Catherine McMurray

A Primer for Infrared Spectroscopy
Thomas Workman

When Working Electronics Give the Wrong Answers
Thomas Workman.

National Draeger 7110 Alco-Test Breakout
John Menzel, JD. Evan Levow Esq

.

September 30 - October 3, 201519th Annual Seminar sponsored by The NACDL and The NCDD, Las Vegas, NV. DWI Means Defend with Ingenuity 


Course Speakers and area of instruction included but was not limited to:

Judicial Bias, Charles Sevilla

Unmasking Your Jury, M. Fulfer


Winning Strategies, Lenny Stamm


Ethics and Social Media, Erin Gertenzang


DREs, Ron Lloyd


Botched Breath Tests, Ed Fiandach


Intro to Blood Testing, Joe St. Louis


FSTs and Cross, Ron  Lloyd.


Workshops

Cross of the Breath Test Operator

Cross of the FST Officer

Cross of the DRE

Cross of the State's Blood Analyst

Interactive Signals- Face Reading


Updated 10/2015